The following is a description of features that are commonly expected in Sentry SDKs. Make sure to also have consulated the unified API design documentation which explains the common API design.
Events should be transmitted in the background thread or similar system. This queue must be flushed when the application shuts down with a specific timeout. This feature is typically user facing and explained as part of shutdown and draining.
Uncaught Exception Handler
Ability for the SDK to be set as a hook to record any uncaught exceptions. At the language level this is typically a global hook provided by the language itself. For framework integrations this might be part of middleware or some other system.
This behavior is typically provided by a default integration that can be disabled.
Scopes should be provided by SDKs to set common attributes and context data on events sent to Sentry emitted from the current scope. They should be inherited to lower scopes so that they can be set “globally” on startup. Note that some attributes can only be set in the client options (
environment) and not on scopes.
What scope means depends on the application, for a web framework it is most likely a single request/response cycle. For a mobile application there is often just one single scope that represents the single user and their actions. Scoping can be difficult to implement because it often has to deal with threads or concurrency and can involve deep integration with frameworks. See the scopes page for more information.
Automatic Context Data
Automatic addition of useful attributes such as
extra or specific
contexts. Typically means the SDK hooks into a framework so that it can set attributes that are known to be useful for most users.
Manually record application events (into the current context) during the lifecycle of an application. Needs to implement a ring buffer so as not to grow indefinitely. The most recent breadcrumbs should be attached to events as they are created.
With deeper framework integration, the automatic recording of some breadcrumbs is possible and recommended.
SDKs should allow the user to configure what percentage of events are actually sent to the server (the rest should be silently ignored). For example:
sample_rate = options.get('sample_rate', 1.0) # assuming random() returns a value between 0.0 (inclusive) and 1.0 (exclusive) if random() < sample_rate: transport.capture_event(event)
HTTP 429 Retry-After backoff
Respect Sentry’s HTTP 429 Retry-After header when the user goes over their limits. Events should be dropped during backoff.
Stack parsing can tell which frames should be identified as part of the user’s application (as opposed to part of the language, a library, or a framework), either automatically or by user configuration at startup, often declared as a package/module prefix.
Surrounding Source in Stacktrace
Lines of source code to provide context in stacktraces. This is easier in interpreted languages, may be hard or impossible in compiled ones.
Local variable names and values for each stack frame, where possible. Restrictions apply on some platforms, for example it’s may only be possible to collect the values of parameters passed into each function, or it may be completely impossible to collect this information at all.
Turn compiled or obfuscated code/method names in stacktraces back into the original. Desymbolication always requires Sentry backend support. Not necessary for many languages.
Retrieve Last Event ID
Ability to get the ID of the last event sent. Event IDs are useful for correlation, logging, customers rolling their own feedback forms, etc.
On user-facing platforms such as mobile or the browser this means first class support for requesting user feedback when an error occurs.
On backend platforms, SDKs should document how to use the last event ID to prompt the user for feedback themselves.
Hook called with the event (and on some platforms the hint) that allow the user to decide whether an event should be sent or not. This can also be used to further modify the event.
Hook called with the breadcrumb (and on some platforms the hint) that allow the user to decide whether and how an breadcrumb should be sent.
List Loaded Libraries
Include a list of loaded libraries (and versions) when sending an event.
Buffer to Disk
Write events to disk before attempting to send, so that they can be retried in the event of a temporary network failure. Needs to implement a cap on the number of stored events.
This is mostly useful on mobile clients where connectivity is often not available.
Ability to use an HTTP proxy. Often easy to implement using the existing HTTP client. This should be picked up from the system config if possible or exlicit config in the client options.
In this guide
- Background Sending
- Uncaught Exception Handler
- Automatic Context Data
- Event Sampling
- HTTP 429 Retry-After backoff
- In-App frames
- Surrounding Source in Stacktrace
- Local Variables
- Retrieve Last Event ID
- User Feedback
- Before-Send Hook
- Before-Breadcrumb Hook
- List Loaded Libraries
- Buffer to Disk
- HTTP Proxy