Scopes and Hubs

When an event is captured and sent to Sentry, SDKs will merge that event data with extra information from the current scope. SDKs will typically automatically manage the scopes for you in the framework integrations and you don't need to think about them. However, you should know what a scope is and how you can use it for your advantage.

You can think of the hub as the central point that our SDKs use to route an event to Sentry. When you call init() a hub is created and a client and a blank scope are created on it. That hub is then associated with the current thread and will internally hold a stack of scopes.

The scope will hold useful information that should be sent along with the event. For instance contexts or breadcrumbs are stored on the scope. When a scope is pushed, it inherits all data from the parent scope and when it pops all modifications are reverted.

The default SDK integrations will push and pop scopes intelligently. For instance web framework integrations will create and destroy scopes around your routes or controllers.

As you start using an SDK, a scope and hub are automatically created for you out of the box. It's unlikely that you'll interact with the hub directly unless you're writing an integration or you want to create or destroy scopes. Scopes, on the other hand are more user facing. You can call configureScope at any point in time to modify data stored on the scope. This is useful for doing things like modifying the context.

When you call a global function such as captureEvent internally Sentry discovers the current hub and asks it to capture an event. Internally the hub will then merge the event with the topmost scope's data.

There are two main ways to interact with the scope. You can access the current scope via Sentry.getCurrentScope() and use setters on the resulting scope, or you can use global methods like Sentry.setTag() directly, which will set on the respective scope under the hood.

You'll first need to import the SDK, as usual:

import * as Sentry from "@sentry/nextjs";

You can, for instance, add custom tags or inform Sentry about the currently authenticated user.

const scope = Sentry.getCurrentScope();
scope.setTag("my-tag", "my value");
  id: 42,
  email: "",

// Or use the global methods
Sentry.setTag("my-tag", "my value");
  id: 42,
  email: "",

To learn what useful information can be associated with scopes see context, tags, users and breadcrumbs.

We also support pushing and configuring a scope within a single call. This is typically called withScope, pushScope or implemented as a function parameter on the capture methods, depending on the SDK. It's very helpful if you only want to send data for one specific event.

In the following example we use withScope to attach a level and a tag to only one specific error:

Sentry.withScope(function (scope) {
  scope.setTag("my-tag", "my value");
  // will be tagged with my-tag="my value"
  Sentry.captureException(new Error("my error"));

// will not be tagged with my-tag
Sentry.captureException(new Error("my other error"));

The scope inside the withScope() callback is only valid inside of the callback. Once the callback ends, the scope will be removed and no longer applied. The inner scope is only applied to events that are captured inside of the callback. withScope() will clone (or fork) the current scope, so that the current scope is not modified. This allows you to more easily isolate pieces of context information to specific locations in your code or even call clear to briefly remove all context information.

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